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HTML (Hypertext Markup Language)


HTML is a markup language primarily intended for representing web pages. It provides elements for representing document components such as headings, paragraphs, lists, tables, forms, images and hyperlinks. It is commonly used in conjunction with CSS for defining the style of a web page or web site, and JavaScript for providing dynamic page content.

At the time of writing (December 2011) the most recent approved version of the HTML standard was HTML 4.01, however a working draft of HTML 5 has been published and aspects of it are already supported by some web browsers. HTML cannot generally be parsed as XML, however there is an XML-based variant of HTML called XHTML which can be.


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Further reading