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Display a list of loaded Apache modules

Tested on

Debian (Lenny, Squeeze)
Ubuntu (Lucid)


To display a list of loaded Apache modules


Most of the functionality of the Apache web server is provided by modules. A module can be either:

It is thus possible for a shared module to be installed on a machine, but not loaded by Apache and therefore not usable. This is one of the more common reasons for Apache failing to start or failing to behave as expected.


Suppose that you are attempting to use the Apache RewriteEngine and RewriteRule directives, but Apache fails to start with the error:

Invalid command 'RewriteEngine', perhaps misspelled or defined by a module not included in the server configuration

This is a strong hint that mod_rewrite (which provides the two directives) has not been loaded, however in the interests of systematic troubleshooting you wish to explicitly determine whether or not that is the case.


The method described here requires that the Apache configuration files be in a usable state. If they are not (as could well be the case if you find yourself needing to carry out this procedure) then you will need to temporarily fix the configuration so that it is capable of being loaded. Useful tools for doing this include:

You should obviously try to avoid disabling any part of the configuration that includes any LoadModule directives.

It is feasible to obtain a list of static modules even if the configuration is broken, but this is of limited value for troubleshooting. A configuration file is essential for listing shared modules because without one none of them would be loaded.


A list of loaded Apache modules can be obtained using the apachectl command:

apachectl -M

On Debian-based systems running Apache 2 this command is called apache2ctl:

apache2ctl -M

The output should include all loaded modules (both static and shared) and should be of the form:

Loaded Modules:
 core_module (static)
 log_config_module (static)
 logio_module (static)
 mpm_worker_module (static)
 http_module (static)
 so_module (static)
 alias_module (shared)
 auth_basic_module (shared)
 authn_file_module (shared)
 authz_default_module (shared)
 authz_groupfile_module (shared)
 authz_host_module (shared)
 authz_user_module (shared)
 autoindex_module (shared)
 cgid_module (shared)
 dir_module (shared)
 env_module (shared)
 mime_module (shared)
 negotiation_module (shared)
 setenvif_module (shared)
 status_module (shared)
Syntax OK

Note that the names listed above are module identifiers, which are not the names by which modules are usually known. To convert from one to the other the usual convention is to remove the _module suffix and replace it with a prefix of mod_. For example, the module identified as alias_module is more commonly known as mod_alias.

Tags: apache